Operations Resources Ltd.


Tech-more Operations Resources Ltd.

1523 Grand Blvd, North Vancouver, B.C., Canada, 
V7L 3X9
Ph: (604) 328-3549





Carbon Planning


Establishing GHG Emissions Context for Your Organization

Establishing the context for GHG emissions is a critical first step in developing a GHG management plan and reducing emissions. Although some may initially view legislative requirements as the main reason for reducing emissions, it is important that they be aware of other factors: 

  • Global and local impacts of climate change

  • Financial benefits of reducing emissions, particularly where related to energy consumption

  • Impact of rising energy prices on future operating costs

  • Benefits in terms of maintenance and equipment replacement costs

  • Improved health and working conditions for employees

In most cases, the preferred approach to establishing the GHG context is in a workshop format. An interactive workshop for staff and/or board members allows for the issues to be presented and participants to engage in the process. In many cases, organizations will be willing to take much greater strides towards reducing GHG emissions than individual staff believe is the case prior to the workshop. The workshop also allows the consultant to gain a better understanding of the key issues and challenges the organization faces. It is important that workshops be interactive and well facilitated in order to actively engage participants.

Whether through a workshop or otherwise, one of the most critical points to establish is the financial benefits of reducing GHG emissions. Many organizations and individuals are driven by financial motivators, yet energy and GHG reductions are not usually viewed in this way, or if they are, it is as a negative impact. Establishing reduction measures as financial investments and having them viewed in term of life cycle costing can help win over key players within the organization.

Establishing your GHG Monitoring Systems

The monitoring system used will have to be of high quality given that future uses of the GHG information contained in the system will be to determine compliance with the reporting régime. It is important that any monitoring system meets agreed-to standards and be accurate, consistent, transparent, and reproducible over time.

To ensure reliable and accurate information, Tech-More will be basing its approach on the World Resource Institute GHG Protocol Corporate Accounting and Reporting Standard. The client’s monitoring system will be analyzed to ensure that:

  • GHG inventory is relevant to the needs
  • All required GHG emissions are included
  • The monitoring method is clear, consistent and meaningful
  • There is a clear audit trail
  • The monitoring system produces true results

Developing a GHG Action Plan

The approach to a GHG management plan generally takes the following steps. It is important to recognize that the order may vary from organization to organization. Some may have already completed some parts prior to starting a comprehensive plan, or other factors may dictate the order.

1.      Set the context and gain support

2.      Develop an inventory of GHG emissions

In addition to being critical for reporting and compliance, the emissions inventory is an invaluable tool in the development of the GHG plan. The inventory allows staff to understand their emissions profile and identify sectors and facilities for reductions. It allows for the estimation of reductions and the development of the business case for reductions. It also allows for tracking of progress over time. A good inventory is more than simply a tabulation of energy and GHG emissions. It should include other indicators such as consumption per m² or average vehicle efficiency in order to provide a more complete picture. And it should be presented in a manner that is clear and understandable to a broad audience.

3.      Set a reduction target.

Setting a target will help guide development of the plan and set a timetable for reduction projects. Both long and short term targets should be included. While a long-term target will generally be quantitative, short term targets may be qualitative, such as policy implementation.

GHG reduction targets can be classified as visionary (top-down) or pragmatic (bottom-up). A visionary target is set based on the goals of the organization and the scale of the problem. This does not mean that the Visionary target should be considered unrealistic. Information on the organization’s facilities and emissions profile and comparison with other organizations will help inform the target setting process.

A pragmatic target is based on an assessment of reductions that can likely be achieved. These targets tend to be conservative, looking to ensure the feasibility of any reductions estimates prior to committing to them. In this case the targets will usually be set after development of the GHG plan.

Legislation will set minimum targets for many organizations, likely leading them to choose a visionary target. Whichever route they choose to go, time should be spent working with the board so they have a clear understanding of the options available to them and can make an informed choice.

4.      Develop strategies

A GHG management plan should not be confused with a feasibility study. The strategies will identify actions to be undertaken and estimate potential savings. But detailed savings and design of measures should take place outside the GHG plan. It is important that the plan doesn't just look at GHG reduction projects, but also include policies to overcome institutional barriers and ensure the continuity of reductions. Strategies may include:

  • Building energy efficiency retrofits

  • Fleet management

  • Waste reduction programs

  • New buildings policies (e.g. LEED standards)

  • Procurement policies

  • Anti-idling policies

  • Employee travel/commuting

  • Education and employee awareness

Although detailed schedules and tasks will form part of the implementation phase, a general timeline and identification of responsibilities should be included in the GHG plan.

Your path to GHG Project Implementation

Implementation of GHG Management Plans for clients will result in many complex projects that are proceeding on a variety of timelines.  Tech-More will provide complete project management and implementation for all phases of the GHG Action Plan Implementation.

  1. Design Project Objectives

  2. Work Planning

  3. Control Risk

  4. Estimate and Allocate Resources

  5. Assign and Monitor Resources

  6. Direct Activities

  7. Project Execution

  8. Report on Project Progress

  9. Issues Management

  10. Change Management

  11. Engagement and Communications

  12. Feedback to Project Objectives